# Fractions in primary school

Denominators, numerators, and simplification – In math, fraction arithmetic is one of the first topics covered starting from the 5th grade. However, the basics of working with fractions can also be learned in elementary school. Children encounter fraction arithmetic through everyday activities like cutting pizzas or cakes. Even telling time involves working with fractions unconsciously. Therefore, it is indeed sensible to introduce fractions in elementary school by the end of the 4th grade. Read on…

Denominators, numerators, and simplification – In math, fraction arithmetic is one of the first topics covered starting from the 5th grade. However, the basics of working with fractions can also be learned in elementary school. Children encounter fraction arithmetic through everyday activities like cutting pizzas or cakes. Even telling time involves working with fractions unconsciously. Therefore, it is indeed sensible to introduce fractions in elementary school by the end of the 4th grade. Read on…

- 9 calculation cube stacks in different colours
- representation in fractions, decimals and percentages
- 1 unprinted page for personal use

Demonstration video

- for visual support when calculating fractions
- magnetic, ideal for attaching to the board etc.
- nice and big, visible even from far away
- colour-scheme corresponds to the student set

Demonstration video

- to illustrate fractions
- 10 different subdivisions
- colour scheme corresponds to the demo set

Demonstration video

- to illustrate fractions
- with percent and decimal information
- magnetic, ideal for attaching to the board etc.
- Colour-scheme corresponds to the student set

Demonstration video

- to illustrate fractions
- highly motivating due to pizza design
- magnetic back, for use on the blackboard etc.

Demonstration video

- fracture strips made of cardboard, fractions in different colours
- include the respective percentage and decimal values
- the reverse is neutral and can therefore be labelled with e.g. pupil names

Demonstration video

- a fun way to combine learning about time and fractions
- 63 different coloured fractions
- with 2 dials and 1 hour and minute hand each

- kennenlernen von Bruchkonzepten
- ein Ganzes bilden und mit Vielfachen und Nennern vertraut werden
- 50 Puzzlekarten in unterschiedlicher Schwierigkeit

**Get your set now and save money!Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- Illustration of fractions in different forms
- Can be folded flat and is quick to set up
- Matching, learning, comparing
- Class set with 24 flipcharts in a practical plastic box

TimeTEX innovation

- For illustrating percentage calculations
- Magnetic, for use on the blackboard etc.
- 100% frame with different subdivisions

- Robust material with a pleasant wood feel
- Wide range of different size pieces, 12 different subdivisions
- Versatile and easy to handle

- To illustrate fractions
- Very motivating thanks to colourful fruit motifs
- Magnetic back, for use on blackboard, etc.

- for illustrating fractions
- 9 different fraction circles
- stackable, with stabilizing rings and spinning tops

TimeTEX Innovation

- promotes logical thinking
- promotes awareness of time
- trains children to understand and read the time

- a fun way to recognise and compare fractions
- link the fractions represented as a number and illustration
- can be played with separate or mixed task cards

**Get your set now and save money!**

**Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- 2 Student sets flexible table "Flexitable", fractions/percentage/decimal numbers, 5 pcs
- Flipchart made of cardboard, fractions - percentages - decimals
- Set of decimal dice, 5 pcs.
- Set of fraction strips, linear, made of cardboard, 510 pcs.
- Blank dice with white surfaces, 8 cm

**Get your set now and save money!****Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- for use on the blackboard and on student desks
- for presenting and combining fractions and percentages
- 24 student sets and 1 large demo set

- 2 card games, each with 24 cards
- recognise and transform fractions
- with simple domino rules
- suitable from 5th or 6th year of school

- silent dice rolling
- 4 dice with fractions as fraction numbers, area model, percentages and decimal numbers
- in 4 colours, each colour corresponds to one model

- silent dice rolling
- fractions represented as fraction, area model, set model and number line
- in 4 colours, each colour corresponds to one model

**Get your set now and save money!****Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- 9 calculation cube stacks for each set in different colours
- representation in fractions, decimals and percentages
- 1 unprinted page for your own use

Demonstration video

- to compare and break down fractions
- reenact addition and subtraction of fractions
- with film discs for independent checks

- a clear way to solve equations through modelling
- even works with an unknown factor (X) on both sides
- practical plastic box for transportation and quick access

- for comparing or identifying the solution
- can be repeatedly refolded
- with detailed instructions

TimeTEX Innovation

Demonstration video

- for comparing or identifying the solution
- can be repeatedly refolded
- with detailed instructions

TimeTEX Innovation

Demonstration video

**Get your set now and save money!****Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- 9 x fraction calculation strips made of plastic, 51 pieces, linear
- 1 x magnetic fraction calculation strip set for the board
- fractions arranged by colour

Demonstration video

**Get your set now and save money!****Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- 3 x 10 perforated 51 pcs. Sheets made of sturdy cardboard.
- 1 x magnetic fraction calculation strip set for the board
- with percentage and decimal values

Demonstration video

- learn to calculate fractions in a fun way
- values shown as fractions, percentages and different illustrative representations
- different difficulty levels available

- for use on boards
- for presenting and combining fractions and percentages
- combinable with our other multifunctional arithmetic materials

- 6 flaps in different colours
- includes different representations of the most common fractions
- for learning, arranging and comparing

TimeTEX Innovation

- to illustrate fractions
- 9 different subdivisions
- colour scheme corresponds to the demo set

Demonstration video

**Get your set now and save money!****Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- for the linear representation of fractions
- class set in a practical case
- with 9 student sets and 1 demo set

Demonstration video

**Get your set now and save money!****Price advantage = savings compared to individual purchase**

- for the two-dimensional representation of fractions
- class set in a practical case
- with 9 student sets and 1 demo set

Demonstration video

- for a visual aid to fraction calculation
- magnetic
- colours correspond to our calculation dice and fraction strips

- for illustrating and comparing fractions
- with 10 different subdivisions
- in a high quality wooden sorting box

## Explaining Fractions to Children

What is a fraction? Fractions involve calculating with fractions, which mathematically represent parts of a whole (e.g., a number). With these parts, the four basic arithmetic operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division can be applied. Fractions can initially appear complex and abstract to children in elementary school, as they have so far only encountered whole numbers.

In mathematics, tasks with a high everyday relevance are particularly suitable for introducing the topic of fraction calculation. The pizza example is perfect for explaining fractions. A whole pizza is divided into different parts, and every child knows how to do that. The principle of calculating with fractions can thus be illustrated in a child-friendly way. Tasks revolving around sharing are also suitable for explaining fraction calculation. This also clarifies the principle of numerator and denominator. Just as there are addition and subtraction tasks with apples or candies, tools such as cakes or pizzas are suitable for fraction calculation exercises in elementary school. Also, when calculating with time, fraction calculation can be practiced, for example, by adding 3/4 hour to 1/2 hour.

For teaching fraction calculation in mathematics classes, teachers can find a wide range of teaching materials with us. For practice and consolidation, our fraction calculation domino is ideal because calculating with fractions becomes even more fun. Fraction calculation circles are also suitable for representing fractions in elementary school. These are conveniently available as a class set. Group tasks for the entire class can be implemented perfectly with these. This makes fraction calculation tasks a special experience for the students. In addition to our teaching materials for fraction calculation, there are also other mathematics teaching materials available, such as our times tables games.

## Calculating with Fractions

During exercises related to fraction calculation, children also learn to expand and reduce fractions well. When students divide and multiply fractions, they quickly realize that an additional step is required. When reducing, children learn to divide numerators and denominators by the same number. This is a nice extension of division. The students learn that they can transfer their basic knowledge. Success experiences with fraction calculation are therefore guaranteed!

The same principle applies to expanding. Here, numerators and denominators are multiplied by a whole number. When students master this skill, they can play fraction calculation domino together. By doing fraction calculation together in elementary school, they deepen their exercises playfully and gain joy in (higher) mathematics!

If kids learn fraction calculation already in elementary school, it also facilitates their transition to secondary school. This way, they have success experiences right from the start and benefit sustainably from their learning success. Therefore, it makes sense to learn not only the decimal system but also fraction calculation with tasks, exercises, and various teaching materials already in elementary school. Fraction calculation exercises can easily be integrated into elementary school mathematics classes, for example, when quantities like liters are discussed. For example, children should complement three-quarters of a liter to two liters or similar. You see: The topic of fraction calculation can definitely be addressed in the 4th grade. With our various teaching and exercise materials, you are perfectly prepared for this.

Our demo fraction calculation circles "Pizza" are great fun for the kids. Teachers can literally let the kids share the pizza, as well as add and subtract pieces. This makes calculating with fractions fun for the whole class!

With the class sets of fraction calculation strips and circles, every student can practice and experiment with fraction calculation. The topic can also be made and deepened in group work or experiments.